Marigold, Garden Marigold, Caltha officinalis, Golds, Ruddes,Mary Gowles,Oculus Christi, Marygold, Fiore d'ogni mese,Solis Sponsa, CXommon Marigold,English Marigold, Jackanapes-on-horsebacke.
The Marigolds' name is a corruption of merso-meargealla, meaning Marsh Marigold. It is traditionaly used as a dye and garden herb for food and medicine. An early horticulturist, Linneaus,noted that the plant opened its floral petals from nine in the morning til 3pm: The plant acquired the names solsequia and solis sponsa.
Marigold was once used for a cheese colouring.
"Macers' herbal induces the picker to say three Pater Nosters (Our fathers) and three Aves(Hail Marys) to give the wearer a vision of anyone who has robbed him"! (and from the same source: " to be taken only when the moon is is in the sign of the Virgin and not when Jupiter is in the ascendant, for then the herb loses its virtue"
from latin calen-dulae or calends, meaning "throughout the months"
volatile oil, a yellow resin,calendulin,saponins,a bitter principle.
Entire flower heads;greens for salad burnet, cholagogue, styptic, anti-inflammatory, vulnerary,anti-septic,emmenagogue, Specific use for inflamed lymphatic nodes, duodenal ulcers, and some inflammatory skin lesions,externally for leg ulcers,eye lotion for conjunctivitis,the petals substitute for saffron, petal tea, pain and swelling of beesting, sprains, snuff, cosmetics, hair rinse, yellow dye.
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